YB WEB DESK. Dated: 4/25/2022 1:19:18 PM

VIJAY GARG Noise deafness is a serious health problem. According to the World Health Organization's 'World Hearing Report', 1.5 billion people in the world are living with deafness, of which at least 430 million are people whose ailments can be cured. It is expected that by the year 2050, the number of such people will reach 70 crores. Noise pollution is actually an unwanted electromagnetic signal, which harms human beings in many forms. Hence, noise-induced deafness needs immediate attention. Global studies show that workers engaged in construction work, industrial work (automotive industry, mining, textile industry, etc.), shipbuilding or repair work, firefighting, civil aviation, etc., have a higher risk of noise-induced deafness. However, hearing-impaired means of entertainment, accommodation, and even military and military services can exacerbate the problem of deafness. It is estimated that 15 per cent youth are deaf due to loud noises in concerts, sports events and daily activities. The problem of noise-induced deafness is more prevalent in developing countries, where rapid industrialization, expansion of the informal sector and lack of protective and noisecontrol measures are cursing people to spend their days in all-round noise. In India, the Factory Act considers noise-induced deafness as a disease which needs immediate attention. The Directorate General of Factory Advisory Services and Labor Institute (DGFASLI) has recommended a maximum of 90 decibels of sound for eight hours only. In 2015, the World Health Organization estimated that 1.1 billion young people were at risk of deafness through hearing loss. But workplace noise is not the only problem. In recent times, loudspeakers have started to be used in the name of faith in shrines or places of worship. Events for world peace are also not complete without noise, whereas if loud sounds above 85 decibels reach our ears, we may have temporary deafness and our hearing may be impaired. . It is possible to cure it in 10-15 days after exposure to loud sound. But if the ear hair cells and the associated nerve fibers are exposed to repeated or constant noise, deafness can become permanent. Excessive noise can also lead to permanent memory loss and mental illness. Even exposure to loud music and surrounding noise or sudden loud noises can cause us to lose our ability to hear. Indeed, loud noises stimulate delicate auditory cells, which can permanently injure or destroy them. In this way, once the ability to hear is lost, it is impossible to regain it. Similarly, the indiscriminate use of car horns on the roads and the widespread use of loudspeakers in social and religious gatherings in different communities of the country can lead to many health problems. These can lead to diseases like mental illness, deafness, high blood pressure, dizziness, nervousness, insomnia. A person exposed to loud noise can also suffer from diseases related to the circulatory system, heart disease, hypertension, peptic ulcer and neurological diseases. Obviously, we have to implement measures that can eliminate the problems caused by loud noise. The best way to do this is to reduce the noise or loud noise around you. The Supreme Court believes that directions may be issued by the court to control noise pollution, even if the noise is caused by religious activities. He has said that no religion allows prayer to be performed by disturbing the peace of others. In a civilized society such activities cannot be allowed in the name of religion which disturbs the sleep of old or weak people, students or children at night, morning or day. The court's directive came in the context of fireworks during Diwali and other festivals. The court has held that Indian society is pluralistic. The people here are divided into different castes and communities and have faith in different religions. They observe various festivals. They are tolerant of each other. So if one is given exemption, there will be no justification for not giving exemption to the other. And, if we do, the discount will become the rule. Then it will be difficult to enforce the laws. Anyway, sleep is our fundamental right. The apex court also held that sleep is essential for human beings to maintain balance in the essential elements of better health. Therefore, sleep is a basic need, without which the very existence of human life would be in danger. Sleep disturbances would be tantamount to torture, which is now accepted as a violation of human rights. Clearly, avoiding exposure to loud sounds is considered an effective diagnosis of deafness. This is why reducing harmful noise, averting its danger, providing effective personal safety equipment to avoid noise, early detection of noise-induced deafness through screening, and treatment of people with hearing loss are among the public health goals. Are part. We have to understand that hearing loss not only affects human beings, but also has a negative effect on society. Therefore, ignoring the problem of noise-induced deafness can be overwhelming for us.


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