YB WEB DESK. Dated: 4/7/2021 11:58:25 AM

T K NANDANAN Maoists indulged in the recent ambush in Chhattisgarh killing security personnel may be only a tip of the iceberg. More active Maoists may be still hiding or biding their time to attack more people in the future. In the recent three-hour fierce gun battle,which took place last Saturday, Naxalites killed as many as 22 security personnel unleashing terror among the people. In the retaliatory process, two women Maoist were gunned down in addition to the huge loss inflicted on them. The encounter took place near Jonagunda village situated along the Sukma-Bijapur border when a joint team of security forces were out on a counter insurgency operation. Initial findings suggest that Maoist chief operational commander Nambala Keshava Rao planned the attack and the ambush was executed by People’s Liberation Guerrilla Army (PLGA) Battalion No.1 Commander MadviHidma. It is pertinent to note that Maoists, an insurgent group of people following the thought, ideology and beliefs of Mao Zedong and wishing to establish a utopian equalitarian society, are present in certain places of our country as well. The presence of Maoists in certain areas of our country is to be viewed seriously. The present and former governments had not paid serious attention to this social issue and therefore many precious lives were lost. What is Maoism? It is an extended ideology of Marxism-Leninism or more precisely speaking, it is a variety of Marxism-Leninism developed by Mao Zedong for realising a socialist revolution in the agricultural society in his country. It believes that peasantry are the revolutionary vanguard in the pre-industrial societies rather than the proletariat. This thought was conceived by Mao Zedong to suit to his countrythat was predominantly an Agri-based country. So, Maoism is a doctrine to capture State power through a combination of armed insurgency, mass mobilisation and strategic alliances. Further, this ideology glorifies violence and the People’s Liberation Guerrilla Army (PLGA) cadres are trained specifically in the worst forms of violence to evoke terror among the population under their domination. Naxalism and Maoism are almost the same extreme violent ideology never believing in the ideology of democracy. The difference between them lies only in the fact that Naxalism was born in India; more precisely in the Naxalbari village in the Darjeeling district of West Bengal in the year 1967. The Naxalbari uprising broke out in 1967 when a tribal youth was attacked. Immediately, Naxalite movement spread to other parts of India. Thus, Naxalism and Maoism are the Tweedledum and Tweedle-dee. Both of them want to overthrow imperialist power structures, free markets and capitalism. They earnestly want to fight for the poor, the landless and the downtrodden. This is why these revolutionary movements still attract people especially the marginalised. The only panacea to cure this social ailment is to economically uplift the poorest of the poor especially the tribal people. Poverty and economic backwardness are the main breeding grounds for this outfit to grow and cause mayhem in the society.


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