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TRAVEL GUIDE EXPLORING INDIA | Mobile prices to go up as govt may slap customs duty on imported handsets | TALK SHOW Indira Gandhi Dental College fully equipped with latest equipments: DR Azhar Malik | Shiv Shakti Sena paid tribute to martyred CRPF Jawan | CONGRESS LEADERS CONDEMNS ATTACK ON NOMADS | Premier League: Diego Costa's double strike guides Chelsea to 4-2 win over Southampton | FAMOUS BADMINTON PLAYERS | MEDAL WINNERS FROM INDIA | All time bollywood Hit Movies 1962 | FAMOUS EMPERORS OF INDIA | Government has no plan to impose any tax on agriculture income: FM Jaitley | Div Com reviews plan for rationalization of street vendors in Srinagar | SABLO delegation meets Governor | Members Of High Court Bar Association Facilitating New Chief Justice of J & K High Court. | Veeri reviews functioning of Relief Organization | Protest against the Incident of inhuman attack on Nomads | Jammu Muslim Front oppose Pak move to declare Gilgit Baltistan as its 5th Province | Ashustosh Sharma allege Blatant abuse of PM’s Khelo India funds by J&K State Sports Council | Muslim unity council Jammu addressing a pressconference in Jammu. | Proud that my son fought like a Lion for his country: Sher Mohammad's Mother | ARMY ORGANISES WORKSHOP ON ILL EFFECTS OF DRUGS AT MENDHAR | ARUN JAITLEY SAYS INDIA-RUSSIA DEFENCE ENGAGEMENT WILL CONTINUE TO GROW | India offers biggest strategic opportunity to US - ex Pentagon Official | Maulana Sayyid Abul Kalam Ghulam: He was a bit different but had his own values! | ONCE UPON A TIME IN J&K | THOSE MEN & WOMEN FROM JAMMU AND KASHMIR! | 150 militants waiting near LoC in PoK to infiltrate: Army | Vikram Chowk- Gandhi Nagar Flyover all set to ease traffic congestion | FACE TO FACE WITH CH. ZULFIKAR ALI | BHATNAGAR APPOINTED CRPF DG; PACHNANDA, ITBP DG | STONE-PELTING WON’T HELP J&K, AZHARUDDIN TO YOUTH | RAIN LASHES KASHMIR, TEMPERATURE DIPS | Govt asks ISPs to stop transmission of social networking sites in valley | Clashes at Pampore, Soura, protests in Bandipora | DGP REVIEWS DARBAR MOVEARRANGEMENTS, LAW AND ORDER SITUATION | Grateful to people of Delhi for reposing faith in BJP: PM Modi | Grateful to people of Delhi for reposing faith in BJP: PM Modi | BJP retains Delhi's MCD with stupendous victory / AAP FINISHES SECOND, CONGRESS THIRD | Is New Motor Law enough to check underage driving? Offenders getting younger in Jammu! | INDIAN ARMED FORCES AIR POWER /Mi-35M (Hind E): If you have not seen a bull in full flight then better watch this machine! | EDITORIAL | SUN RISES | LETTERS | LETTERS | CITIZEN JOURNALIST | SMILE A WHILE FOR A BLESSED DAY! | BELIEVE IT OR NOT | Pak Army Contacts Indian Army Over Safety of Census Workers | THE LIVING LEGENDS! | VOLLEYBALL TOURNAMENT AT NIHALPURA | ‘JASHN-E-BARAMULLA’ YOUTH FEST | Govt not to deploy Army for anti-Naxal operations | BJP holds meet to discuss Amit Shah’s visit | BJP Artisans & Weaver Cell hold convention | Politicians are responsible for deteriorating situation in valley | BJP leader pays tributes to CRPF jawans | PANEL DISCUSSION IN JU LAW SCHOOL IN COLLABORATION WITH GANDHIAN SOCIETIES | Pathshalla organized at SD Memorial School | SSB exam arrangements finalized at Bandipora | Director RDD reviews status of departmental schemes at Ganderbal, Srinagar | DC Srinagar reviews arrangements for SSB exams | Teaching work to remain suspended in Pulwama educational institutions hosting SSB exams | Colors and their effects | + First Aid + PRESERVE LIFE * PREVENT HARM * PROMOTE RECOVERY | Career | Naukri | EXERCISE TIPS | Rape accused Gayatri Prajapati released from Lucknow jail | Man wounded in mysterious blast in Sumbal | UK not seeking divide and rule approach in Brexit talks: Minister | Saudi minister, after Russia talks, says Syria's Bashar al-Assad still has to go | Judiciary Update | DAY IN THE INDIAN HISTORY | WORDS PHRASES AND IDIOMS | EDUCATION | Sensex closes above 30,000 for first time ever; Rupee at 20-month high | MARKET ACTION | DYSS organizes Zonal Football Tournament at MV International School | 4THCOURT MEETING OF CUJ HELD GOVERNOR INAUGURATES KV AT CUJ | TRIBUTES PAID TO SUKMA MARTYRS Students must do their bit to maintain ecology: Yudhvir Sethi | Communication blockade will play havoc with Kashmir economy: Farooq Abdullah |

 
Front Page Stories
150 militants waiting near LoC in PoK to infiltrate: Army

Baramulla, Apr 26 About 150 militants are waiting near the Line of Control (LoC) in Pakistan- occupied Kashmir (PoK) to sneak into the Valley, a top army official said today with an assertion that thRead More
Vikram Chowk- Gandhi Nagar Flyover all set to ease traffic congestion
BHATNAGAR APPOINTED CRPF DG; PACHNANDA, ITBP DG
STONE-PELTING WON’T HELP J&K, AZHARUDDIN TO YOUTH
RAIN LASHES KASHMIR, TEMPERATURE DIPS
Govt asks ISPs to stop transmission of social networking sites in valley
Clashes at Pampore, Soura, protests in Bandipora
DGP REVIEWS DARBAR MOVEARRANGEMENTS, LAW AND ORDER SITUATION
Grateful to people of Delhi for reposing faith in BJP: PM Modi
Grateful to people of Delhi for reposing faith in BJP: PM Modi
BJP retains Delhi's MCD with stupendous victory / AAP FINISHES SECOND, CONGRESS THIRD
Is New Motor Law enough to check underage driving? Offenders getting younger in Jammu!
INDIAN ARMED FORCES AIR POWER /Mi-35M (Hind E): If you have not seen a bull in full flight then better watch this machine!
More Top Stories
Op-Ed
 
The children of midnight Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan: Well the teachers do remember him!

One day I wondered why
some great portraits were put in my old house and that too in my father’s ante room. By the words of my grandmother (who is no more) I felt that this was a must and then she showed me some old notebooks. I read about some great personalities written in them but to start with was this man’s. My father was not a teacher but his father was!
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (5 September 1888 – 17 April 1975) was an Indian philosopher and statesman who was the first Vice President of India (1952–1962) and the second President of India from 1962 to 1967.
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By: Major Kulbir Singh
One day I wondered why some great portraits were put in my old house and that too in my father’s ante room. By the words of my grandmother (who is no more) I felt that this was a must and then she showed me some old notebooks. I read about some great personalities written in them but to start with was this man’s. My father was not a teacher but his father was!
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (5 September 1888 – 17 April 1975) was an Indian philosopher and statesman who was the first Vice President of India (1952–1962) and the second President of India from 1962 to 1967. One of India’s most distinguished twentieth-century scholars of comparative religion and philosophy, his academic appointments included the King George V Chair of Mental and Moral Science at the University of Calcutta (1921–1932) and Spalding Professor of Eastern Religion and Ethics at University of Oxford (1936–1952).
His philosophy was grounded in Advaita Vedanta, reinterpreting this tradition for a contemporary understanding. He defended Hinduism against “uninformed Western criticism”, contributing to the formation of contemporary Hindu identity. He has been influential in shaping the understanding of Hinduism, in both India and the west, and earned a reputation as a bridge-builder between India and the West.
Radhakrishnan was awarded several high awards during his life, including a knighthood in 1931, the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award in India, in 1954, and honorary membership of the British Royal Order of Merit in 1963. Radhakrishnan believed that “teachers should be the best minds in the country”. Since 1962, his birthday is celebrated in India as Teachers’ Day on 5 September.
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born into a Telugu Brahmin family in a village near Thiruttani India, in the erstwhile Madras Presidency near the border of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu states. His father’s name was Sarvepalli Veeraswami and his mother’s was Sitamma. His early years were spent in Thiruttani and Tirupati. His father was a subordinate revenue official in the service of a local zamindar (landlord). His primary education was at K.V High School at Thiruttani. In 1896 he moved to the Hermansburg Evangelical Lutheran Mission School in Tirupati and Government Higher Secondary School, Walajapet.
Indian President Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan with US President John F. Kennedy in the Oval Office, 1963
Radhakrishnan was awarded scholarships throughout his academic life. He joined Voorhees College in Vellore but switched to the Madras Christian College at the age of 17. He graduated from there in 1906 with a master’s degree in Philosophy, being one of its most distinguished alumni. Radhakrishnan studied philosophy by chance rather than choice. Being a financially constrained student, when a cousin who graduated from the same college passed on his philosophy textbooks in to Radhakrishnan, it automatically decided his academic course. Radhakrishnan wrote his thesis for the M.A. degree on “The Ethics of the Vedanta and its Metaphysical Presuppositions”. It “was intended to be a reply to the charge that the Vedanta system had no room for ethics.” He was afraid that this M.A. thesis would offend his philosophy professor, Dr. Alfred George Hogg. Instead, Hogg commended Radhakrishnan on having done most excellent work. Radhakrishnan’s thesis was published when he was only twenty. According to Radhakrishnan himself, the criticism of Hogg and other Christian teachers of Indian culture “disturbed my faith and shook the traditional props on which I leaned.” Radhakrishnan himself describes how, as a student,
The challenge of Christian critics impelled me to make a study of Hinduism and find out what is living and what is dead in it. My pride as a Hindu, roused by the enterprise and eloquence of Swami Vivekananda, was deeply hurt by the treatment accorded to Hinduism in missionary institutions. This led him to his critical study of Indian philosophy and religion and a lifelong defence of Hinduism against “uninformed Western criticism”.
Radhakrishnan was married to Sivakamu, a distant cousin, at the age of 16. As per tradition the marriage was arranged by the family. The couple had five daughters and a son, Sarvepalli Gopal. Sarvepalli Gopal went on to a notable career as a historian. Sivakamu died in 1956. They were married for over 51 years. Former Indian Test Cricketer VVS Laxman is his great grand nephew.
In April 1909, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was appointed to the Department of Philosophy at the Madras Presidency College. Thereafter, in 1918, he was selected as Professor of Philosophy by the University of Mysore, where he taught at its Maharaja’s College, Mysore. By that time he had written many articles for journals of repute like The Quest, Journal of Philosophy and the International Journal of Ethics. He also completed his first book, The Philosophy of Rabindranath Tagore. He believed Tagore’s philosophy to be the “genuine manifestation of the Indian spirit”. His second book, The Reign of Religion in Contemporary Philosophy was published in 1920.
In 1921 he was appointed as a professor in philosophy to occupy the King George V Chair of Mental and Moral Science at the University of Calcutta. He represented the University of Calcutta at the Congress of the Universities of the British Empire in June 1926 and the International Congress of Philosophy at Harvard University in September 1926. Another important academic event during this period was the invitation to deliver the Hibbert Lecture on the ideals of life which he delivered at Harris Manchester College, Oxford in 1929 and which was subsequently published in book form as An Idealist View of Life. In 1929 Radhakrishnan was invited to take the post vacated by Principal J. Estlin Carpenter at Harris Manchester College. This gave him the opportunity to lecture to the students of the University of Oxford on Comparative Religion. For his services to education he was knighted by George V in the June 1931 Birthday Honours, and formally invested with his honour by the Governor-General of India, the Earl of Willingdon, in April 1932. However, he ceased to use the title after Indian independence, preferring instead his academic title of ‘Doctor’. He was the Vice-Chancellor of Andhra University from 1931 to 1936. In 1936 Radhakrishnan was named Spalding Professor of Eastern Religions and Ethics at the University of Oxford, and was elected a Fellow of All Souls College. That same year, and again in 1937, he was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature (although this nomination process, for all laureates, was not public at the time. Further nominations for the award would continue steadily into the 1960s.) In 1939 Pt. Madan Mohan Malaviya invited him to succeed him as the Vice-Chancellor of Banaras Hindu University (BHU). He served as its Vice-Chancellor till January 1948.
Radhakrishnan started his political career “rather late in life”, after his successful academic career. His international authority preceded his political career. In 1931 he was nominated to the League of Nations Committee for International Cooperation, where after “in Western eyes he was the recognized Hindu authority on Indian ideas and a persuasive interpreter of the role of Eastern institutions in contemporary society.” When India became independent in 1947, Radhakrishnan represented India at UNESCO (1946–52) and was later Ambassador of India to the Soviet Union, from 1949 to 1952. He was also elected to the Constituent Assembly of India. Radhakrishnan was elected as the first Vice-President of India in 1952, and elected as the second President of India (1962–1967).
Radhakrishnan did not have a background in the Congress Party, nor was he active in the struggle against British rule. His motivation lay in his pride of Hindu culture, and the defence of Hinduism against “uninformed Western criticism”. According to Brown, He had always defended Hindu culture against uninformed Western criticism and had symbolized the pride of Indians in their own intellectual traditions.
Teachers’ Day: When he became the President of India, some of his students and friends requested him to allow them to celebrate his birthday, on 5 September. He replied, “Instead of celebrating my birthday, it would be my proud privilege if September 5th is observed as Teachers’ Day.” Along with Ghanshyam Das Birla and some other social workers in the pre-independence era, Radhakrishnan formed the Krishnarpan Charity Trust.
As President of India, Radhakrishnan made 11 state visits including visits to both the US and the USSR. Radhakrishnan tried to bridge eastern and western thought, defending Hinduism against “uninformed Western criticism”, but also incorporating Western philosophical and religious thought.
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